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BVD and associated risk factors sero- prevalence in dairy herds of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Inam Ullah1, Masood Rabbani1, Hameed Ur Rehman2, Feroz Khan3, Asif Ali3, Hazrat Noor4, Nasir Ali

Khan4, Malik Nawaz Shuja5, Umer Zeb5, Sehrish Khattak5, Tahir Ullah5, Safiullah Khan Achakzai6,

Muhammad Rizwan6, Mehboob Khan7, Abdul Wahab8, Abdul Aziz9, Nasir Mahmood10, Rohi Alam11

  • 1 Department of Microbiology, University of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan

    2 Department of Zoology, Kohat University of Science & Technology, Kohat, KP, Pakistan

    3 Department of Zoology and Biology, PirMehr Ali Shah Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan

    4 Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Quaid-i-Azam University Islamabad, Pakistan

    5 Department of Microbiology, Kohat University of Science and Technology, KPK, Pakistan

    6 Center for Advance Studies in Vaccinology& Biotechnology (CASVAB) University of Baluchistan, Quetta, Pakistan

    7 Research Officer Plant Protection Agriculture Research Department Government of Baluchistan, Pakistan

    8 Director Agriculture OFWM Government of Baluchistan, Pakistan

    9 Directorate of Fruit Agriculture Research Institute ARI Sariab Quetta, Pakistan

    10 College of Biological Sciences Northeast Forestry University, No.26 Hexing Road Xiangfang District Harbin Heilongjiang Province, China

    11 National University of Science & Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan


Bovine Viral Diarrhea (BVD) is one of the most frequent an d economically important viral infections in cattle in various countries around the world. The purpose of the

study was to investigate the sero-prevalence of BVD virus and associated risk factors in dairy herds of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province.In the present study, total of 30 0

blood samples were screened, among these 38 blood samples were for both cattle and buffaloes population. Sero-prevalence was found higher in cattle (18%) as

compared to buffaloes (7.33%). As a whole 12.66% sero -prevalence of BVDV was detected in the tested animals.Data was statistically analyzed by using chi square test. It

was observed that i solation of newly purchased animals (P=.014), workers visiting other farms (P=.013), mi xed farming (P=.015) and veterinary services (P =.009) were

potential risk factors associated wi th BVD virus. Distinctive consideration should be given for addressing identified risk fa ctors of this viral infection like to check the

status of before allowing entry of newly purchased animals into h erds, discouraging the workers visiting other farms, mixed farming, vete rinary services and encouraging

culling of animals with more history of abortion.

  • DOI: 10.12692/ijb/15.1.289-29